Journal: Environmental Contaminants Reviews (ECR)
Author: Mozina Afzal, Kaniz Fatima, Palwasha Khalid, Ejaz-ul-Haq, Azhar Abbas, Samiullah Durrani, Ahthasham Sajid, Muhammad Zaheern

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited


IoT (Internet of Things) has suppressed technology to utmost level by sensing a situation through sensors and reacting to that situation via actuators without human intervention. The term coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999 but the actual development started taking place a few years back. It is predicted that by 2020 billion of devices will be connected with each other seeming truer by now. Urban regions are growing steadily and urban living stances genuine challenges in our ordinary lives. Beginning at 2007, half of the aggregate people were living in urban networks rather than nation ranges. The United Nations Population Fund gauges that by 2030 around 60% of the aggregate people will live in an urban area. In this particular situation, Information and Correspondence Technologies (ICT) together with adjacent governments and exclusive organizations accept a key part to execute creative courses of action, organizations and applications to make astute urban territories a reality. In this conmessage, the Internet of Things (IoT) perspective is expecting a basic part as an engaging specialist of a wide extent of usage, both for ventures and the comprehensive network. The growing pervasiveness of the IoT thought is moreover a direct result of the ceaselessly creating number of skilled gadgets like cell phones, tablets, portable PCs and brings down fit gadgets like sensors that can join the Internet.

IoT, RFID, ZigBee