Journal: Environmental Contaminants Reviews (ECR)
Author: Swodesh Rijal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) as a polyphagous pest having more than 85 hosts. It is a trans-boundary pest having high potential to spread. In Nepal, It was first reported on May 9, 2019 from Nawalparasi district of western Nepal in maize crop. The matured larvae of Fall armyworm (FAW) feed on maize cab or kernels which reducing yield and quality. In Africa, more than 98% maize is affected in 2018. It could be a higher risk to the maize growers’ farmer of Nepal if management practices are not followed timely. Quality seed, Avoidance of late planting, Push-pull technology and plant diversity are Preventive measure found successful against FAW in American and African Countries. Spinosad, Flubendiamide, spinetoram and Cholarantraniliprole are effective chemical whereas Neem based pesticide is best bio-pesticide for pest management. Bacillus thuringenesis (Bt), Baculovirus and Beauveria bassiana were found as biological effective control agent against FAW. Among various methods, integrated pest management is the major procedure found successful in African countries. Light trap, pheromone trap and scouting is another best option for monitoring of adult.
Fall Armyworm, Management