Journal: Environmental Contaminants Reviews (ECR)
Author: Yousaf Hassan, Shahbaz Nasir Khan, Hafiz Muhammad Safdar Khan, Rana Ammar Aslam, Touseef Ahmed Babar and Abdul Nasir
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Water shortage is now one of the major issues of the global world. Water scarcity is increasing day by day. The availability of water is decreasing. The need of hour is to treat the wastewater for dealing water crisis and using it for various purposes. This study involves the treatment of domestic wastewater using phytoremediation technique. The two aquatic plants named Eichhornia crassipes (Water hyacinth) and Pistia stratiotes (Water lettuce) were used. The parameters investigated in this research were pH, TDS, Turbidity, EC, TSS and temperature. These parameters were checked at various retention times after every three days interval. The objective of this study was to get higher efficiencies of these two aquatic plants in improving the parameters involved in the research. The adequacy of the treatment parameters was also validated using statistical analysis. It was established by the results at the end of the experiment that maximum efficiencies were achieved by this phytoremediation technique. This concluded that these two aquatic plants treated the wastewater to such an extent that it can be safely disposed in the drains.
Wastewater, biological treatment, Eichhornia crassipes, Pistia stratiotes